tHE 'cYCLE OF cHANGE'
The Statistics of Transformation
We estimate that around 50% of the convicts are one-time offenders or accidental offenders or those who lacked criminal intent, which means that 3,000 prisoners can be transferred to the Open Prisons immediately. Transferring 3,000 prisoners to Open Prisons will reduce the staff burden by 92.4% than what these 3000 require presently. Moreover, as per the study ‘The Open Prisons of Rajasthan’ currently the State spends 7094 INR per prisoner per month in Jaipur Central Jail whereas in Sanganer Open-Air Camp the cost is 500 INR. Translating this to the country would mean close to 1 lakh convicts can be transferred to Open Prisons and a saving of INR 858 crore. Paar pushes to put in motion this cycle of change.
Cycle of Change
Expanding the current capacity of prisoners—3,000 prisoners transferred to Open Prisons—INR 24,00,00,000 to be saved by the Government per year—92.4% lesser staff to be deployed.
The ‘cycle of change’ is a theory that has developed out of Ms.Smita Chakraburtty’s work and her engagement with the prison system in India.. Her report titled ‘The Open Prisons of Rajasthan’ has delved deep into analysing the rough percentage of one time offenders, the expense that the Government has to accrue on running closed and open prisons, the staff required in both the prisons. The observations and conclusions drawn from the experience of writing this report has later been developed into the ‘Cycle of Change’.
Rationale behind the theory
The ‘cycle of change’ is based on our work and understanding of prisons in Rajasthan. In Rajasthan there are a little less than 6,000 convicts and most of them are first time offenders. The percentage of habitual offenders is also very low at 2.4% and organised crime is also comparatively lower (Prison Statistics India,2018). The percentage of habitual offenders at the national level is close to 4%.